What Are Hybrid Tea Roses: Everything You Need to Know

The hybrid tea rose is a common type of rose. You’ve probably heard the name and started looking to see what they are. So what are hybrid tea roses?

In this article, I’m answering that question, going over their look and description so you can perhaps identify them, along with their key characteristics.

I’ll also touch on what makes them different from other types of roses, their care, and some popular uses for the hybrid tea rose.

Hybrid tea roses were developed in the 1800s. They are characterized by large, well-formed blooms, held singly on long, stiff stems. The flowers of hybrid teas typically have a high-centered bloom form, with a small cluster of petals at the center and outer petals that curve inward and downward.

Hybrid tea is considered the gold standard of the name “rose”. And there’s more to discover about the hybrid tea rose, so let’s get into some details.

hybrid tea rose
hybrid tea rose

Hybrid tea rose – Popularity

Hybrid teas are now the most popular type of roses grown during the 20th century and up to the present day. They’re prized for their large, beautiful blooms and strong fragrance.

AA hybrid tea rose is relatively easy to care for too …and makes an excellent addition to any garden – more on that shortly.

And they are great as roses to cut and add to vases for display. If you’re thinking of planting roses in your garden, then a hybrid tea rose is definitely worth considering! If only as they are great for displays, and even special occasions…

Valentine roses are hybrid tea roses 🌹

Almost any kind of rose is associated with Valentine’s Day. But the classic long-stemmed rose that is most often given is actually a Hybrid Tea Rose. And the most common color given on valentine’s day is of course the red hybrid tea rose.

a valentine rose is a hybrid tea rose
a valentine rose is a hybrid tea rose

So when did this benchmark rose type appear?

Hybrid tea rose – History

Hybrid tea roses were created by crossing two different types of roses – specifically, the hybrid perpetual and the old garden rose. This occurred in 1867, and the first hybrid rose was named ‘La France’.

It’s believed that the French hybridized, Jean-Baptiste Guillot, was the first to create a true hybrid tea rose.

Although there is some debate over this, with some believing it was created 10 years prior to this, in varieties like: ‘Léonore d’Este’, ‘Elise Masson’, and ‘Gigantique’ along with ‘Adèle Bougere’ a few years later.

It’s also contested by a  British rose breeder by the name of Henry Bennett, who was said to be producing them around the same time.

hybrid tea roses - rose types

Nonetheless, Jean-Baptiste Guillot’s aim was to create a rose with the best characteristics of both its parents – namely, the repeat-flowering nature of the hybrid perpetual, and the large, well-formed blooms of the old garden roses – or “tea roses”.

Hybrid tea is considered to be the earliest class of modern garden rose varieties. It’s a group of roses that are informally named in the realms of horticultural classification.

cut hybrid tea roses
cut hybrid tea roses

Hybrid tea rose – Description

Most hybrid tea roses are large, and the flowers are single, well-formed, high-centered, and open slowly to reveal what appears to be a miniature version of the classic tea rose. they are elegant and simply ooze class.

  • This single flower, single stem appearance also makes them perfect for cutting and putting in a vase.
  • The buds are long, pointed, and held upright on long stems that are excellent for cutting. The flowers bloom singly or in small clusters and have a light fragrance.
  • The leaves of a hybrid tea rose are usually glossy and dark green.
  • The stems of the hybrid tea are long, straight, and typically have few thorns.
  • Hybrid teas are bred for their flowers, and as a result, they generally do not produce hips (the fruit of the rose bush).
  • They come in a good range of colors, from white to yellow to pink to red to orange, and just about everything in between.
all types of roses - hybrid tea roses info

Or explore the other main rose categories.

Hybrid tea rose – Planting and care

You might be wondering if the Hybrid tea rose is the one for you. If so then read on to find out more about the varieties, planting, growing, plus care and maintenance.

Planting Hybrid Tea Roses

When planting hybrid teas, be sure to choose a location that receives full sun for at least 6 hours, has well-drained soil, and is sheltered from any strong winds.

  • When planting, dig a hole that is twice the width and depth of the rose bush’s root ball.
  • Carefully remove the hybrid tea rose bush from its container and loosen any tightly bound roots.
  • Plant the hybrid tea rose bush at the same depth it was in the container.
  • Fill in around the roots with soil and gently tamp down until the roots are completely covered.
  • Water the hybrid tea rose bush well and add a layer of mulch around it to help retain moisture.
hybrid tea rose
Hybrid Tea Rose Rosa ‘A Whiter Shade of Pale’ – Arashiyama, via Wikimedia Commons

Shop for Hybrid Tea Roses Here

Hybrid tea – care and maintenance

Here is the info on how to care for your hybrid tea rose…

🌹 Water them deeply, about 1 to 2 inches at least once a week during the growing season, ideally up to 3 or 4 times per week during hot weather. For better directions see more in my article regarding when to water roses.

🌹 Fertilize them every four to six weeks with a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10.

🌹 Deadheading is also important for hybrid tea roses. This is the process of removing spent blooms from the plant. This encourages the plant to produce more flowers.

To deadhead, simply cut the stem off at the base of the bloom, being careful not to damage the new buds that are forming.

🌹 Pruning is important to encourage new growth and to keep your hybrid tea rose looking its best. I tend to think you can prune roses much of the year anyway, but the three main times are in late winter/early spring (before they start growing), after the first flush of blooms in early summer, and then again in fall.

🌹 Remove damaged, dead, or diseased wood during your pruning, and then cut back the remaining canes by about one-third their length. Be sure to clean up fallen leaves and debris

🌹 Watch for any issues that might be looming. Remove any dead or dying branches as they occur and keep an eye out for pests and diseases. If you see anything, treat it immediately.

🌹 Susceptibility, Hybrid tea roses can be susceptible to a number of problems, including powdery mildew, black spot, and rust. These diseases can be treated with a fungicide.

Hybrid tea roses are one of the most popular types of roses. They are known for their medium single blooms and strong fragrance. With proper care, a hybrid tea can bloom continuously from spring to fall.

hybrid tea rose in a vase
hybrid tea rose in a vase

Typical hybrid tea rose varieties

Here’s a table showing some popular Hybrid tea rose varieties. Or check out these lovely Hybrid tea roses.

Red VarietiesOrange VarietiesPink VarietiesYellow VarietiesWhite Varieties
Black BacarraFragrant CloudFirst PrizeElinaGarden Party
Chrysler ImperialJust JoeyMiss All-American BeautyHenry FordHonor
Double DelightTequila SunrisePaul TransonKing’s RansomPascali
Mister LincolnVoodooPerfume DelightPeacePope John Paul II
OlympiadRoyal Highness
Precious Platinum
table showing some popular hybrid tea rose varieties

Shop for Hybrid Tea Roses Here

white hybrid tea rose

White Hybrid Tea Rose

red hybrid tea rose

Red Hybrid Tea Rose

pink hybrid tea rose

Pink Hybrid Tea Rose

What are hybrid tea roses ~ More roses help 🌹

I hope this has been a helpful resource for you to understand more about hybrid tea roses. Be sure to check my other related articles, and check out my tools and resources page for the essential tools for growing roses.

michael - rosehow

Hi, I’m Michael. My passion for roses was sparked a few years ago after visiting a dedicated community rose garden. So Rosehow.com represents my take, my learnings, and my help for anyone looking to grow, be proud of, and harvest roses.